Influence of Date Palm-Based Biochar and Compost on Water Retention Properties of Soils with Different Sand Contents - Inrap - Institut national de recherches archéologiques préventives Access content directly
Journal Articles Forests Year : 2024

Influence of Date Palm-Based Biochar and Compost on Water Retention Properties of Soils with Different Sand Contents

Abstract

Generally, soils of arid and semi-arid regions have low water retention properties due to high sand and low organic carbon contents. This study aimed at quantifying the effect of date palm-based organic amendments (OAs) on the water retention properties of two soils (sandy loam and silty loam), as well as the influence of sand supplementation (0.5-2 mm) on the magnitude of the effect of OAs. Different grain size distributions were obtained by adding sand to natural soils. For this purpose, sand was added to the two soils (1/3 and 2/3) and different soil-OA combinations were tested at a dose of 3% by mass: compost alone, biochar alone and a mixture of biochar and compost (50:50 in mass), in addition to unamended control soils. Soil water contents were measured at nine matric potentials ranging from the saturation to the permanent wilting point. Biochar was more efficient than compost at improving soil water retention. The effect of organic amendments on water retention increased with sand content. In most cases, soil water content values were significantly higher for biochar-amended soils than for unamended or compost-amended soils. The weakness of the effect of compost addition (if alone) was probably due to its properties and notably its high mineral content and electrical conductivity. Soil sand supplementation led to higher differences between the OA-amended soils and unamended soils. Changes in available water capacity reached +26% and +80% in a sandy loamy soil enriched with 2/3 sand and amended with compost and with biochar, respectively, compared to the unamended soil. These results show that sand content (and more generally, soil texture) influences the effect of OA application. Thus, the application of biochar from date palm residues in soil seems to be an effective solution to improve the water retention properties of coarse textured soils and contribute to optimizing the use of water resources in irrigated areas.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
forests-15-00304.pdf (2.66 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04441210 , version 1 (06-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Elie Le Guyader, Xavier Morvan, Vincent Miconnet, Béatrice Marin, Mohamed Moussa, et al.. Influence of Date Palm-Based Biochar and Compost on Water Retention Properties of Soils with Different Sand Contents. Forests, 2024, 15 (2), pp.304. ⟨10.3390/f15020304⟩. ⟨hal-04441210⟩
7 View
1 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More